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Europa 14/06/2024

Países Bajos: Revolutionizing the Potato Industry with High-Starch “Red Beauty” Variety

Agricultural innovation takes center stage as the “Red Beauty” potato variant—a product of seven years of dedicated research by Jin Guanghui, Director of the Potato Research Institute at Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University—i

Boasting a vivid transformation from the traditional yellow to an array of red and purple hues, this high-end variety entices growers and consumers alike.

The impressive characteristics of “Red Beauty” have not gone unnoticed. In 2023, its cultivation achievements were selected as one of the projects with the most potential for technology transfer in Heilongjiang Province. The laborious process of breeding, crossing, and selecting these potatoes reveals the relentless pursuit of excellence. The probability of combining two desired traits in a new variety is a mere one in ten thousand, illustrating the challenges faced by researchers.

Farming communities across Inner Mongolia’s Hulun Buir, Chifeng, and Ulanqab have initiated demonstration plantings, while eager farmers from Suihua and Shuangyashan in Heilongjiang Province seek to grow “Red Beauty” extensively due to its popular high-starch content, which exceeds 20%, compared to the typical 8-13% in ordinary potatoes. This remarkable achievement comes after overcoming natural adversities such as devastating rainfall, which once nearly obliterated a third of the experimental materials.

Jin’s dedication to enrich the national potato breeding system is exemplified by his relentless cultivation efforts, which span from northeast China’s spring and summer to Yunnan’s autumn and winter to accelerate breeding timelines. His long-standing commitment is visible both in the soil under his fingernails and the numerous potato photos filling his phone, serving as precious experimental data.

With more than twenty varieties now derived from the “Red Beauty” lineage, Jin’s team has provided a valuable breeding resource to China’s potato industry. Furthermore, the economic viability of this new breed is evident: a Yunnan farmer joyfully shares the prosperity brought on by “Red Beauty,” with an average yield of 6,000 kilograms per mu and a record sale of 12,000 yuan ($USD equivalent) per mu. The “Red Beauty” has proven to be not only a scientific but also an economic success, elevating the standard for high-quality potato crops.

Key questions regarding the “Red Beauty” potato variety:

– What are the unique benefits of the “Red Beauty” potato compared to standard varieties?

– How does the high-starch content of “Red Beauty” potatoes impact their usage in the food industry?

 What are the implications of the “Red Beauty” potato for global food security and agricultural sustainability?Answers to these questions:The “Red Beauty” potato stands out for its high-starch content of over 20%, significantly higher than the 8-13% typically found in ordinary potatoes. This trait is particularly beneficial for the food industry as high-starch potatoes are desired for their superior texture, flavor, and ability to absorb less oil during frying. Additionally, they can provide more energy and satisfaction per serving, which may contribute to nutrition in areas where potatoes are a staple food.The implications for global food security are multifaceted. Higher starch content can lead to improved efficiency in the production of potato-based foods, potentially reducing the cost of production and enhancing food availability. Moreover, with the increased yield reported by farmers growing “Red Beauty,” this innovation could contribute to addressing food scarcity challenges.Developing sustainable agricultural practices is essential as the global population grows, and climate change affects crop productivity. Durable and high-yield varieties like the “Red Beauty” can help in creating a resilient food system that can better withstand adverse environmental conditions while providing economic benefits to farmers.

Advantages:– High-starch content, which is beneficial for food texture and energy content.– Potentially higher yields, leading to increased economic profitability for farmers.– Aesthetic appeal with unique red and purple hues, possibly attracting consumers and creating new market opportunities.– Development of over twenty derivative varieties, contributing to the genetic diversity of cultivated potatoes.

Disaddvantages:– Being a recent innovation, the long-term environmental and ecological impacts of extensive “Red Beauty” cultivation remain to be fully understood.– The adaptation of agricultural systems to this new variety might require additional investments or changes in farming practices.– Market acceptance can be unpredictable; new varieties sometimes face resistance from consumers accustomed to traditional types.

No controversies or challenges other than those inherent to agricultural innovation, such as ensuring adaptation to local growing conditions and consumer acceptance, are mentioned in the article.

For more information on potato agricultural development and related agricultural innovations, visit:– International Potato Center: www.cipotato.org– Agricultural research organizations, such as the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA): www.usda.gov– Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO): www.fao.org

These links lead to organizations engaged in global agricultural improvement and could provide additional insight into the development and impact of crops like the “Red Beauty” potato.

Fuente: https://smartphonemagazine.nl/en/2024/06/11/revolutionizing-the-potato-industry-with-high-starch-red-beauty-variety/


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